ALABAMA

Alabama used hanging as a method of execution until 1927 , when the electric chair was introduced as a legal method. Following the reinstatement of the death penalty in 1976 , thus conforming to the jurisprudence of the United States Supreme Court , Alabama carried out 67 executions. The electric chair was replaced in 2002 , after the execution of Lynda Lyon Block , who is thus the last person to have been electrocuted against his will, as an alternative to lethal injection ; she had been sentenced to death for the murder of a police officer committed with her husband who was himself executed in 2005. A law passed by the Senate in February 2018 and then by the House of Representatives in March provides for a new method of execution never used, asphyxiation by hydrogen , indeed if the State does not manage to provide itself with products for lethal injections, the condemned will have to choose between this new method and the electric chair.

Alabama, where judges are elected, including those of the Courts of Appeals and the Supreme Court, is one of the few states in the United States to allow them to pass a death sentence against the majority or unanimous opinion of the jury. . This practice is common there; 22% of those condemned to death were in fact against the opinion of the jury. Executions take place on a date set by the State Supreme Court. The governor has exclusive power of pardon.

Number of executions since 1976: 67

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Last execution on date: 03/05/2020

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Death penalty: Still in effect

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Method (s) used: Lethal injection

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